Helping you to understand...

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: ADHD

  • ADHD is the current diagnostic label for individuals presenting with significant problems with attention, excessive activity and impulsiveness.
  • ADHD is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and is one of the most common reasons children are referred for behavioral problems to mental health clinicians.
  • ADHD is a disorder seen in children, teens, and adults
  • ADHD occurs in boys approximately three times as often as in girls in community samples
  • Parents of children with ADHD are more likely to have ADHD themselves and experience greater parenting stress and a lowered sense of confidence.

How is ADHD diagnosed?

Dr. Crane completes comprehensive evaluations to diagnose ADHD including:
  • A thorough clinical interview to evaluate the presenting concern
  • Review of records (including medical, academic, and mental health)
  • Behavior rating scales from multiple sources (parents, other caregivers, teachers)
  • Psychological testing to screen for intelligence and academic achievement skills, as well as other behavioral and emotional problems

How is ADHD treated?

The goal of an accurate diagnosis of ADHD is to identify interventions that may be needed to address the presenting concerns. After Dr. Crane completes an evaluation, she will have a feedback session to make recommendations for treatment including:
  • Medication - if treatment using medication appears indicated, Dr. Crane will refer to a qualified professional for evaluation and treatment.
  • Therapy - Dr. Crane provides therapeutic services for children, teens, and adults and integrates the following methods of treatment:
    • Parent Training – helps reduce parent-child conflict, child defiance, behavioral problems, and ADHD symptoms
    • Behavioral Interventions to improve academic success and the home environment
    • Social Skills Training
    • Academic Interventions - Dr. Crane will make recommendations for the school and assist teachers in implementing the recommendations as needed. Common recommendations include 1) modifying academic tasks to match ability level and problems; 2) suggest teacher delivered consequences such as tokens and time outs; 3) develop home based reinforcement programs; and 4) altering the physical classroom layout (i.e., have child in the front of the class).